The morna, musical and dance tradition of Cape Verde, was approved by UNESCO as Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
On November 7, the Minister of Culture of Cape Verde, Abraão Vicente, unveiled the opinion of UNESCO in a statement:
Caros cabo-verdianos, tenho a sorte, to honor and privilégio of you to communicate that leaf or technical committee two experts of UNESCO aprovou or dossier gives morna to Património da Humanidade … A nação já can celebrate: to morna já and Património da Humanidade.
Dear Cape Verdeans, I have the good fortune, honor and privilege to inform you that today, the Technical Committee of Experts of UNESCO approved the docunento de morna as a World Heritage Site … The country can already celebrate: the morna is already a World Heritage Site.
Cesária Évora (1941-2011) was one of the best known interpreters of the genre, and that is why she is known as the “queen of the morna”.
The official page of the UNESCO candidacy says:
To Morna é um genrero performativo of Cape Verde that brings together voice, music, poetry and dança. É uma expressão musical cuja prática não faz gender distinction. Usually sung by uma só pessoa é accompanied by acoustic instruments highlighting-violão. Surgiu no século XIX, evolving from the crossing of musical styles with African root forts, or landum, with melodies from Europe.
It is a melodic, quaternary, generally using classical minor tonais schemes. Nessa canção appeals to sentiment, dealing with issues related to love, saudade, sophriment, contempt. It is generally possible to listen to morna in informal environments on the basis of the famous tape players, then, the famous “Cape Verdean noites” that can be heard in this musical genre.
La morna is an interpretive genre of Cape Verde that brings together voice, music, poetry and dance. It is a musical expression whose practice makes no distinction of gender. It is usually sung by a single person accompanied by acoustic instruments, among which the guitar stands out. It emerged in the 19th century and evolved with the mixture of musical styles with strong African roots, the landum, with melodies from Europe.
It is a melodic, quaternary song, which generally uses classical minor tonal schemes. In that song the feeling is appealed, it deals with themes related to love, nostalgia, suffering, contempt. You can usually hear the morna in informal environments in which the famous tape players pass, however, it is on the famous “Cape Verdean nights” that this musical genre can be heard.
The Cultural Heritage Institute of Cape Verde stated on its Facebook page:
The approval of Morna, second to the UNESCO Commission, will increase awareness of the importance of Cape-Verdian culture and, especially, Cape-Verdian culture, increasing self-esteem and pride of the popular population, around suas different expressões culturais.
A social partnership will also be reinforced, leading to the development of new forms of collaboration between music groups, researchers and public and private institutions.
A aprovação will also raise new opportunities for the exchange of conheciments between gerações e as pessoas of different regions of the archipelago and gives imigrant community and demonstrate, also, a cultural diversity of music and culture of the Atlantic.
The approval of the morna, according to the UNESCO Commission, will increase people's knowledge about the importance of Cape Verdean culture and, especially, of Cape Verdean Creole, and will increase the self-esteem and pride of the population of the islands, around their different cultural expressions.
Social cohesion will also be reinforced, which will lead to the development of new forms of collaboration between musical groups, researchers and public and private institutions.
The approval will also create new opportunities for the exchange of knowledge between generations and people from different regions of the archipelago and the immigrant community and demonstrate, in addition, the cultural diversity of Atlantic music and culture.
The decision must be formally adopted by UNESCO in December, in a ceremony that will be held in Colombia.
In reaction to the announcement, there were several celebratory comments.
Jaqui Marques da Silva, who lives in the capital, Praia, said:
Memoral and historical day for a Cape-Verdian culture. Reason to be all very proud. Ainda that a seja work of all of us, because to morna and expressão maior da alma cabo-verdiana, congratulations-o Abraão Vicente Stephanie Duarte Vicente and to all the teams that, in an enlightened way, work for you or sonho can be a reality. To us musicians, all sem excepção, as minhas felicitações.
Really memorable and historical day for Cape Verdean culture. Reason why we will all be very proud. Besides that the work belongs to all of us, because the morna is a major expression of the Cape Verdean soul, I congratulate Abraão Vicente, Stephanie Duarte Vicente and the entire team that, with so much effort. He worked to make the dream come true. To the musicians, to all without exception, my congratulations.
For Manuel Viega, communicator and journalist, the morna was already part of the heritage of humanity before the announcement:
TO MORNA, BEFORE DO RECONHECIMENTO DA UNESCO,
JÁ ERA, FOR US, HUMANITY HERITAGE
To Cidade Velha foi declared, in 2009, Patrimony of Humanity, to a large extent, because Cape Verde foi or berço da morna, do crioulo e da nossa crioulidade. That is why, at the decision of the Technical Committee of the World Patrimony, in recommending to the MORNA inscrição a List of Patrimony of Humanity and barely a recognition of something that he was, what he was.
It is not important to be very important, that is the recommendation, most important, or recognition that burned Morna fears of breeding.
I have enough to say that I have celebrated that I celebrated Morna as Patrimony of Humanity. May all of you celebrate, with pride and patriotism, this beloved and beloved one of us.
TO MORNA, BEFORE THE RECOGNITION OF UNESCO,
IT WAS, FOR US, HERITAGE OF HUMANITY
In 2009, the Old City was declared a World Heritage Site, in large part, because Cape Verde was the cradle of the morna, the Creole and our Creole. That is why the decision of the Technical Commission of the World Heritage to recommend the inscription of the morna in the list of World Heritage is just the recognition of something that already is, that already was.
This recommendation is still very important, but the most important thing is the recognition of who created the morna has that act of creation.
All this is to say that I have long celebrated morna as a World Heritage Site. May everyone celebrate, with pride and patriotism, that beloved and beloved son of our Creole.
For Jorge Martins it is the highest elevation of the rising Cape Verdean culture:
What a great news! Cape Verde deu mais um passo importantíssimo na affirção da sua identidade.
We were deservedly awarded to our culture and to our artists who always fight for the preservation, promotion and dissemination of our rich tradition, they are all parabéns
Live as we are rich tradições!
What a great news! Cape Verde took an important step in affirming his identity.
Our culture was deservedly rewarded and our artists who always fought for the preservation, promotion and dissemination of our rich tradition, are all happy!
Long live the morna!
Long live our rich traditions!