A symbolic image of the Venetian illustrator Franco Rivolli, disclosed by the Carabineros Weapon, went viral on Italian social media. Illustrates a doctor who cradles Italy, feverish and wrapped in the Italian tricolor. The wings on his back symbolize healthcare workers as guardian angels for their patients. The idea arose from the desire to thank doctors, nurses and health workers, committed to the front line in the fight against the epidemic of the new coronavirus that has brought the country to its knees.
The 2019-2020 COVID-19 pandemic reached Italy in recent weeks. It is a respiratory disease, COVID-19, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which can lead to pneumonia. It is not a simple influenza that afflicts only the elderly with pathologies. It can become bilateral interstitial pneumonia. As the Italian Ministry of Health explains, the most common symptoms are fever, tiredness and dry cough. Some patients may have muscle aches, a stuffy nose, a stuffy nose, a sore throat, or diarrhea. In the most severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
Map and update of COVID-19 in Italy and the world
On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared that this epidemic represents an international public health emergency. With data from March 11, 2020, the WHO stated that COVID-19 can be defined as a pandemic. The epidemiological situation is constantly evolving. The WHO publishes an epidemiological update every day. Here the update of the situation in the world and in Italy.
Johns Hopkins University created an online map of the COVID-19 spread that reports global updates with data from global health authorities.
The most affected region and city in Italy: route of the virus in Lombardy, from Codogno to the provinces of Bergamo and Brescia
As of March 20, 2020, there were 275,000 cases of COVID-19 worldwide, nearly 11,400 dead and 88,256 recovered.
The Italian Civil Protection data at 6:00 p.m. on March 20, 2020 on the progression of the coronavirus epidemic in Italy:
- in a single day, March 20, 2020: 4,670 new infections, 627 deaths and 689 recoveries
- in total, currently: 47 021 infected (37 860 currently positive), 4032 dead and 5129 retired.
- in total, currently: 16 020 patients recovered in the hospital structure with symptoms (2655 in intensive care), 19 185 people in home isolation throughout Italy.
On February 20, 2020, the first recorded case of COVID-19 in Italy: a healthy 38-year-old boy and athlete from Codogno, Pavia province. After his recovery in intensive care, he underwent tests and thus the “patient number one” in Lombardia was discovered, and then the other positive cases. Annalisa Malara, 38, is the anesthesiologist at the Codogno hospital who first diagnosed the virus. Unfortunately, “patient zero” is unknown, also because “patient one” was never in China. Probably, in a bar in the city many people have been infected, residents and not. Therefore, the city was declared a red zone. The coronavirus has ruthlessly affected the city and province of Bergamo (with 5154 infected until March 20, 2020) and the province of Brescia.
On March 13, 2020, journalist David Carretta published on Twitter a video where you take a look at the obituary notice page of February 9, 2020 (first of the coronavirus release) and then ten obituary notice pages on March 13, 2020.
Bergamo daily newspaper pic.twitter.com/N3ECABz8dr
– David Carretta (@davcarretta) March 14, 2020
The province of Brescia is the second most affected after Bergamo: 4648 infected as of March 20, 2020. As elsewhere, sterilization of the streets is also carried out with sodium hypochlorite.
The economic impact of the COVID-19 epidemic in Lombardy is enormous. Lombardy and Veneto are the Italian regions with the highest GDP per capita, above the average for the European Union. The region's Minister of Welfare, Giulio Gallera, announced a major project that envisages the construction of a hospital with 500 intensive care beds for coronavirus sufferers in the former Milan Fair.
Collapsed hospitals, shortage of cameras and doctors and risk due to few individual protection devices
The nurses called on the population in a video:
(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NhMSeiI9Yi4 (/ embed)
Non c’è più tempo. We do not abide with the postto dove ricoverare le persone, siamo costretti a riutilizzare i disposivi di protezione individuale, perché scarseggiano, and in molte realtà quelli disponibili non sono idonei. Siamo in pericolo costante, sappiamo di rischiare ogni giorno il contagion oltre a vivere la paura costante di portare il virus nelle nostre case. Non c’è più neanche il tempo per piangere, se non al terminale dei lunghi turni massacranti. We celebrated a death that was not worthy of the celebration. Persone lontane dai parrot affetti. Siamo provati, siamo pochi, in ospedale and your territory. Andiamo nelle case delle persone come soldati al fronte, senza protezioni, in a territory that is not risky accogliere le enormi richieste di cura. Siamo soli (…) Abbiamo bisogno anche di voi cari cittadini. Chiudetevi in home. Ogni uses the virus portal. Non possiamo più permettercelo. Non c’è più tempo.
No more time. We no longer have beds to house people, we are forced to reuse personal protective equipment because it is scarce, and in reality the available ones are not adequate. We are in constant danger, we know that we are risking getting contagious every day, and living the constant fear of bringing the virus to our homes. There is no longer even time to cry except at the end of long and exhausting shifts. We see a dead woman who has no dignity to be celebrated. People away from their loved ones. They judge us, we are few, in the hospital and on the ground. We enter people's houses like soldiers in the front, without protection, in a territory that does not meet the enormous demands for attention. We are alone (…) We also need you, dear citizens. Lock yourself at home. Every exit opens the door to the virus. We can no longer afford it. No more time.
Doctors without Borders denounces the shortage of protection devices:
Secondo gli ultimi dati dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità, circa 1,700 operatori sanitari in Italia, pari all'8% dei quasi totali di coronavirus nel paese, sono stati contagiati mentre assistevano giorno e notte il crescente number di pazienti gravi, che richiedono degenze lunghe e cure specialistiche in intensive care.
According to the latest data from the Higher Institute of Health, some 1700 health workers in Italy, equivalent to 8% of the total number of coronavirus cases in the country, have been infected while attending the growing number of seriously ill patients day and night, requiring prolonged stays and specialized treatment in intensive care.
Silvestro Scotti, Secretary General of FIMMG, states:
Esporre noi ad un così alto rischio di contagio means anche metrere a repentaglio la salute dei cittadini più fragili (…) Siamo noi medici la Repubblica di cui parla l'Art.32, siamo noi le Regioni forti del nostro Titolo V, siamo noi i Direttori Generali che at that moment non dovrebbero distinguishes tra dipendenti e convenzionati ?. A quanto pare siamo abbandonati dalle Istituzioni, ma non siamo soli. I hanged our fianco si stanno schierando sindaci e cittadini.
Exposing ourselves to such a high risk of contagion also means endangering the health of the most fragile citizens (…) Are we the doctors of the Republic of which article 32 speaks, are we the State, are we the strong regions of our Title V Are we CEOs who at this time should not distinguish between employees and those with an agreement? Apparently we are abandoned by the institutions, but we are not alone. Because mayors and citizens are on our side.
Doctors Without Borders denounces:
In Italy, dove stiamo supporting quattro ospedali nel lodigiano, la carenza di dispositivi di protezione nonostante tutti gli sforzi delle autorità sanitarie è allarmante e lascia il personale medico linea pericoloso esposito al virus. (…) Anche in ospedali europei di altissimo livello vediamo medici e infermieri sopraffatti, which closed with 80 ambulanze al giorno, mentre the dramatic lack of device of protection – per cui alcuni indossano la stessa mascherina per 12 ore – li puts ad alto rischio say against the virus.
In Italy, where we are supporting four hospitals in Lodi, the lack of protective equipment is alarming, despite all the efforts of the health authorities, and leaves medical personnel on the front line dangerously exposed to the virus. (…) Even in high-level European hospitals we see overwhelmed doctors and nurses, they receive up to 80 ambulances a day, and the dramatic lack of protective equipment – which is why some wear the same mask for 12 hours – puts them in high risk of contracting the virus.
The coronavirus has also claimed victims among front-line professionals:
Roberto Stella, 67 years old, family doctor and president of the Varese Order of Physicians, was the first occupational victim, as announced by the ENPAM foundation.He was infected with coronavirus in the Poliambulatorio de Busto Arsizio, and died on March 11, 2020 after a week in intensive care. The first doctor killed in the war against the virus is Chiara Filipponi, 57, an anesthesiologist from Portogruaro: already ill, she contracted the virus in another hospital.
On March 2 Ivo Cilesi, 62, a psycho-pedagogist and therapist specialized in Alzheimer's, died. Her situation precipitated in three days: from asymptomatic tiredness to death after a respiratory crisis in the Parma hospital. On March 14, Diego Bianco, 46, a technical operator, died of a sudden respiratory crisis at home at night, nine hours after he manifested the first symptoms of the coronavirus. On March 17, 2020 in Bergamo, Mario Giovita, 65 years old, the first family doctor infected with coronavirus, died (in Bergamo there are at least one hundred infected family doctors). Marcello Natali, 57, secretary of the Italian Federation of Family Physicians in Lodi, died on March 18, 2020 after being intubated in intensive care for severe bilateral pneumonia.
On March 19, 2020, the ANSA news agency reported:
Altri cinque medici sono deceduti because of the new coronavirus in Lombardia, carrying 13 vittime il tragico bilancio tra i camici bianchi, secondo quanto riferisce la Fnomceo. I finished vittime sono Luigi Ablondi, ex direttore generale dell'Ospedale di Crema; Giuseppe Finzi, doctor ospedaliero di Cremona, and Antonino Buttafuoco, doctor at the base of Bergamo. Altri due medici sono morti a Como: Giuseppe Lanatipneumologist Luigi Frusciante, family doctor. He was also in pensione ma operativi.
Five other doctors have died from the new coronavirus in Lombardy, leaving 13 victims in white coats, according to the National Federation of Surgeons. The latest victims are Luigi Ablondi, former CEO of the Crema Hospital; Giuseppe Finzi, doctor of the Cremona hospital, and Antonino Buttafuoco, general practitioner of Bergamo. Two other doctors died in Como: Giuseppe Lanati, a pulmonologist, and Luigi Frusciante, a family doctor. Both were retired, but working.
Nino Cartabelotta, doctor and founder of the GIMBE Foundation, tweeted:
#coronavirus: parliamo gave a very serious problem.
Il contagion degli operatori sanitari:
– But to 11-3 non conoscevamo i numeri
– Oggi son 2,629 (8.3% of almost totali)
– Procedure and dispositivi protezione ancora inadeguati
Prendersi cura di chi si prende cura# COVID19italia pic.twitter.com/KfmCyRweiD
– Nino Cartabellotta (@Cartabellotta) March 17, 2020
Coronavirus: we are talking about a very serious problem.
The spread of health workers:
– Until March 11-3 we did not know numbers
– Today there are 2629 (8.3% of total cases)
– Procedures and protection devices still inadequate
Caring for who cares.
Contagion among doctors, nurses, police officers, police and other people on the front line against the coronavirus is high. The National Institute of Insurances of Labor Accidents (Inail) declares that “The contagion of the sanitary personnel is framed as an occupational accident”.
Lorenzo Norsa, a doctor in the transplant and pediatric hepatology and gastroenterology unit at the Bergamo hospital, also works in the Covid-19 section and sees his wife by quarantine-infected video call quem, just gave birth by cesarean section.
Social media and civil mobilization
Civil society expressed the labels on social media #IoRestoACasa (I stay at home), #IoRestoInCorsia (I stay on guard), #IoEscoPerDonare (I go out to donate) and donations for Italian hospitals with #SostieniUnOspedale (Supports a hospital).
The ministerial decree of March 9, 2020, called the Decree “I stay at home” contains provisions for the entire Italian territory, until April 3, 2020. The travel ban extends to the entire peninsula, except for reasons proven health, need or work. All transfers must be documented with a self-certification with the reasons for the transfer and a declaration of not being subject to quarantine. The police are verifying with intense control activities to contain the epidemiological emergency.
For fear of COVID-19, in the first week of March blood donations fell by an average of 10% throughout Italy and the danger is that the situation is worsening. A prolonged reduction in donations “puts at risk the 1800 patients who need transfusions every day. By means of the label #IoEscoPerDonare (I go out to donate) is used to ask citizens to donate blood. All Italians must respect the #IoRestoACasa (I stay at home), so as not to vain the efforts of medical personnel throughout Italy, which is published with the label #IoRestoInCorsia (I stay on guard):
We provided it soprattutto per loro, ricordatevelo.
Perché se si ammalano parrot siamo fottuti. #iostoacasa #iorestoacasa 👍#iorestoincorsia #turestaacasa 👏
With this, I closed the farmi forza perché vorrei only piangere a po '.#coronvirusitalia #pandemic pic.twitter.com/nd4XsBGiQ7
– MartinaElisabethAsch (@AschMartina) March 11, 2020
We do it mainly for them, remember it.
Because if we all get sick, we are busted. I am at home. I stay at home. 👍 I stay on guard, you stay home. 👏
With this I seek to give myself strength because I only want to cry a little. Coronvirus in Italy pandemic.
– matteo grandi (@matteograndi) March 14, 2020
The true Avengers.
With regards from Marvel.
The photo taken by nurse Alessia Bonari went viral, along with her strong message: “I must do my part, you do yours.”
See this post on Instagram
I am un'infermiera and at this moment my trovo ad affrontare questa health emergency. Ho paura anche io, ma non di andare a fare la spesa, ho paura di andare a lavoro. Ho paura perché la mascherina potrebbe non aderire bene al viso, or potrei essermi toccata accidentally with i guanti sporchi, or magari le lenti non mi coprono nel tutto gli occhi e qualcosa potrebbe essere passato. Sono is physically physically perché and device of the fanno male protection, the camice will be sweating in a volta vestita non posso più andare in bagno o bere per sei ore. Sono psychologically stanca, e come so son tutti i miei colleghi che da settimane si trovano nella mia stessa condizione, ma questo non ci will prevent svolgere il nos lavoro as abbiamo semper fatto. He continued to heal and turn on my cure for peace, I was fierce and innamorata from mine lavoro. The neck is chiado a chiunque stia leggendo que post è di non vanificare lo sforzo che stiamo facendo, di essere altruisti, di stare en casa e così proteggere chi è più fragile. Noi giovani non siamo immuni to coronavirus, anche noi ci possiamo ammalare, or peggio ancora possiamo far ammalare. Not my posso permettere il lusso di tornarmene a casa mia in quarantena, devo I'll walk to lavoro and fare my part. Voi fate la vostra, see the cool per favor.
I am a nurse, and I am dealing with this medical emergency. I am also afraid, but not of shopping, I am afraid of going to work. I'm scared because the mask might not adhere well to my face, or I could have accidentally touched myself with the dirty gloves, or maybe the glasses don't cover all my eyes and something could have happened.
I am physically tired because the protective equipment hurts, the robe makes me sweat and once dressed I cannot go to the bathroom or drink for six hours. I am psychologically tired, as are all my colleagues who have been in the same condition as me for weeks, but this will not prevent us from doing our job as we have always done. I will continue to treat and care for my patients, because I am proud and I love my job. What I ask whoever is reading this is not to frustrate the effort we are making, to be disinterested, to stay at home and thus protect the most fragile. Young people are not immune to the coronavirus, we can also get sick, or worse, we can make others sick. I can't afford to go home in quarantine, I have to go to work and do my part. Make yours, I ask you please.
For the emergency, the Italian Government has allocated 25 billion euros with the Cura Italia Decree, as stated by Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. After the decree of March 11, 2020, the Italian Government analyzed on March 16, 2020 an extraordinary economic maneuver, which included economic support and injection of liquidity to support the production system. The package also includes an extraordinary plan to deal with the health emergency and increase intensive care posts in Lombardy: agreements with private clinics, two military field hospitals, accommodation requirements for patients in solitary confinement, 400 hires from the National Institute Insurance, including one hundred medical managers, 320 military doctors and nurses, one-year service for Army health workers, foreign health workers with simplified procedures, one thousand euro bonus for babysitters, a surplus salary for hospital staff for hours extraordinary:
Social fundraisers are using the tag #SostieniUnOspedale (Supports a hospital). Roberto Burioni, Italian doctor, academic and scientific disseminator, updates every day the progress of the new ward of the San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, made thanks to the fundraising started by the famous influencer Chiara Ferragni and her husband, singer Fedez, followed donations of more than four million euros from his followers from more than 56 countries around the world and many other celebrities. Professor Burioni explains:
The immagini che vedete qui sotto sono riferite al cablaggio interno per posti letti, dell’impianto gas medicali, dell’installazione del tunnel per passaggio dei degenti e della preparazione dell’impianto d’aria. Ogni giorno pubblicheremo in questa pagina lo stato Avanzamento lavori per farvi will follow di persona l’effetto delle vostre donazioni.
The images below refer to the internal wiring of the beds, the medical gas system, the installation of the tunnel for the passage of patients and the preparation of the air system. Every day we will publish on this page the progress of the work so that you can follow the effect of your donations.
(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mGHecAbs9YE (/ embed)
A list of “Hospitals to which you can donate directly and fundraising campaigns authorized by health care centers” can be found on the Italia Non-Profit website. Among the many hospitals on the list, those in Lombardy: San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, Sacco Hospital in Milan, Polyclinic in Milan, Hospitals in Lodi and in the Lodigiano district, Hospital Papa Juan XIII in Bergamo, Spedali Civili in Brescia. The Pope John XIII Hospital in Bergamo, one of the most affected by the coronavirus emergency in Lombardy, explains that the funds raised will be used to purchase ventilators, non-invasive ventilation devices, hemodynamic monitoring, headphones, gowns and disposable glasses.
In addition, as the ANSA agency reports, the most affected regions such as Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia Romagna and Piedmont have received hundreds of donations, from a few euros to several million, to be used to reinforce the intensive care departments of hospitals or to build new ones. , from many Italian private companies (food industry, banking, fashion giants) to the donation of Pope Francis and the international NBA.